ABC De Fursac

A

AAAAA - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

AAAAA

Developed by sheep farmers in Queensland, Australia, the highly exacting AAAAA grade denotes an exceptionally bright white, regular and long woollen fibre, obtained by protecting the sheep from the sun and rain using jersey jackets. Each one of these sheep requires half an acre to produce enough wool to make two suits.

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Ascot - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Ascot

Halfway between the scarf and the tie, this narrow ribbon lengthened by two large parts tied around the neck in a slightly puffy way, takes its name from the English racecourse, Royal Ascot. Sported by British high society at the end of the 19th century at social events, the Ascot tie is no longer just a feature at the races, but works for any special event.

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B

Barathea

Barathea (or grain de poudre) is a woollen fabric – sometimes blended with mohair – mainly used for tuxedos and tailcoats. Black or midnight blue, this fabric is made from a finely combed thread.

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Blazer

First seen at a 19th century English rowing club, and on the deck of a British frigate called the HMS Blazer, this double breasted, and traditionally navy blue, jacket has unquestionably nautical origins. Today the blazer is worn mainly on dry land and tends to be coupled with mismatched trousers.

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Bow tie - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Bow tie

Born in the 19th century and long considered a tie knot among so many others, this accessory was originally worn to the opera and obviously owes its name to its shape.

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Braid

A wool, cotton or silk braid used to trim a fabric and that is used to enhance jacket lapels, endowing them with a very English look.

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Broadcloth

Broadcloth refers to a fabric with a felted aspect, where the particularly tight crisscross of the weft and warp leave behind the initial grain of the fabric after the finishing processes are complete.

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C

Caban Coat

While this short coat – recognisable thanks to its large collar and double buttons – was born in the desert, it quickly left Bedouin shoulders and was adopted by the European navigators of the 18th century. Timeless and waterproof, this great men’s wear classic has stood the test of time on terms of both fashion and bad weather.

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Camel Hair

When it’s not protecting Mongolian camels from the chill of Asiatic nights, this fine, soft and yet solid wool is used for high quality fabrics similar to cashmere. Its light brown colour, naturally beautiful, is rarely altered and its insulating qualities ideal for serenely traversing the winter months.

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Canvas

Canvas is different from other fabrics because it has no front or back. This is the result of a particular weaving method that alternately crosses the odd and even warp threads, to let the weft thread through.

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Cardigan

This button-up sweater, generally made from wool, owes its existence to the attire and war time feat of James Thomas Brudenell, the seventh Earl of Cardigan. Shortly after having confronted Russian troops in the Crimean War, this British general decided to free himself of the restricting pull-over by splitting its collar with a sword, and thus inventing the garment that bears his name.

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Cashmere

Supplied by goats from the Kashmir region, located between India, Pakistan and China, this prestigious wool owes its shimmering reputation to a particularly fine and silky fibre. A goat can provide only 50 to 130 grams of pure wool every spring and it takes the down of six beasts to make a single good quality cashmere sweater.

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Cashmerelight - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Cashmerelight

Lanificio F.lli Cerruti has modernised flannel by giving the typically flat and heavy aspect of traditional flannel a more responsive touch. This fabric is a composition of wool and cashmere and comes in different shades and weaves.

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Caviar - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Caviar

This term denotes a motif with a pricked appearance and is used in the fabrication of certain suits and coats. Known as “bird’s eye” in England, this subtle plain effect weave is suitable for men looking to be both discreet and remarkable.

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Chevron - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Chevron

The chevron is the motif of fabrics whose warp and weft threads cross to form V-shaped ribs.

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Chino - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Chino

In the 19th century, this light-coloured cotton gabardine replaced, for the sake of discretion, the red tunics of English soldiers posted in India. Re-employed by the American army during the Second World War, the chino – thus called because the fabric is Chinese – found its place in wardrobes of demobilised GIs, and became popular on university campuses. It is still worn today in peace time, and if possible, under clement skies.

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Club

Worn on a tie, the different colours of this motif have long allowed gentlemen and the British military to indicate their membership to a specific club or regiment. Times and codes have changed, but the term today still denotes a tie with large contrasting stripes.

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Convertible cuffs

While it closes the sleeve of a shirt in a perfectly classic fashion, these cuffs can also be worn with cufflinks, like a French cuff.

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Emerised cotton

Slightly raised from being rubbed by rolls of abrasive paper, the fibrils of emerised fabric have a fleecy effect that softens the surface of the fabric. Thanks to this mechanical finish the De Fursac cotton serge chinos have a downy touch and suede-like aspect.

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Gauze cotton

The gauze cotton thread, whose fuzzy fibrils are delicately burned before being woven, shines in its soft sharpness. Its superb structure and ultra-dry touch – just like its capacity to elegantly indicate the relief of stitches – gives the De Fursac sweaters a particularly chic finish. 

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Glazed calfskin

Thinner than smooth calfskin, this material is also distinguished by its lustre achieved as the result of various tanning operations that involve rubbing and heating the skin which has already undergone colouring finishes. Glazed from the start, as its name suggests, this leather doesn’t need polishing and considerably simplifies maintaining the shoes. In short it is naturally shiny. 

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Patent calfskin

Crafted as a classic full grain leather, the patent calfskin is given– as its name suggests – a final coating which gives it its singularity. Its surface is as lustrous as a mirror and it appears almost completely impervious to external dangers – water and dirt as well as cleaning products. Its finish is unique –the depth of its shine comes from the use of resin – and results in marvellously elegant shoes.   

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Smooth calfskin

Used to make high-end shoes and various other leather goods, this noble material is a “full grain” leather which retains the thick layer of skin formed beneath the calf’s epidermis (the ‘grain’ in question). Its beautiful surface, its flexibility and its resistance make it an exceptional leather that can be polished and even glazed.

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D

Diamond point

This pyramidal motif reproduces, as its name suggests, the point of a cut diamond. It can be engraved on cufflinks or lighters, as well as ties.

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Down jacket - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Down jacket

Once discouraged everywhere but the ski slopes, this technical jacket, invented by a skier, is these days enjoyed by even the best-dressed urbanites. Well cut and flattering, the modern down coat is chic, having left behind the eiderdown originally transformed by Klaus Obermeyer - aeronautical engineer at Messerschmitt - in the 1950s to protect the chilled clientele of his Aspen ski school.

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E

Egyptian cotton

Cultivated in the Nile valley since the 12th century BC, this brilliant, solid and soft fabric has fibres twice the length of other cotton varieties. Highly absorbent it allows for the production of jackets and shirts whose dye lasts for longer than with other categories of cotton.

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End-on-end - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

End-on-end

This is a flecked fabric – in other words colours alternate – achieved by successively interweaving light threads with dark threads. Its depth gives character to clothes, and to those who wear it.

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F

Fair Isle

Having first come to light in the 19th century on a small Scottish island in the famous Shetland archipelago, this polychromatic pattern had its moment of glory in 1921 when the Prince of Wales – and elegance – Edward VIII wore it in public as a cardigan. Traditionally composed of geometric forms (crosses, lozenges or hexagons) and in four colours, today it comes in an infinite variety of motifs and alternating nuances.

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Flannel

Flannel is combed wool or cotton fabric, which appeared in the 18th century coinciding with the introduction of the first looms. An imperishable classic in English drapery, this warm fabric with a slight fuzz (due to washing at the end of the production process) permits the elegant man to face the winter months without shivering.

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French cuffs

A chic legacy from the outfits worn by the French king’s cavaliers in the 17th century, these shirt sleeve cuffs folded back on themselves are generally fastened with a pair of cufflinks.

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G

Gabardine

Naturally elastic, strong and waterproof, gabardine denotes a weave with oblique ribbing deriving from the serge, as well as the rainproof garments tailored from this cotton fabric. 

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Gauge

This unit of measurement is used to calculate the number of stitches and knitted rows on a length of 38 mm (an inch and a half). The higher the number, the finer the knit. The gauges generally range between 3 and 18.

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Goodyear welt

The Goodyear welt is a procedure that involves sewing a welt – a strip of leather, rubber or plastic – onto a shoe to link the different parts (the upper, the insole and the outsole), thus reinforcing it while maintaining flexibility. This method owes its name to Charles Goodwin Jr who industrialised the technique in the 19th century. But while his father, inventor of the rubber vulcanisation technique, clearly inspired the famous tyre manufacturer when naming his company, neither party is otherwise related.  

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Grenadine silk - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Grenadine silk

Actually born in Grenada, but sold and popularised by the Florentine merchants of the 15th century, this beautiful material is distinguished by the high tension of its double thread, its lightness and the relief of its fabric. Today it is used to make textured ties with subtle elegance.

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H

Hem gusset

A small piece of triangular cut fabric used to strengthen the side seams at the hem of a shirt. It is the sign of a quality garment, and something men should pay close attention to at the time of purchase.

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Horizon blue

The emblematic colour of the Poilus (French infantrymen) of 1914-18, horizon blue had to wait until the first weeks of 1915 before appearing on the French uniforms. Aiming to be reminiscent of the blue line of the Vosges - the natural frontier between the annexed Alsace and Lorraine – this indigo based dye replaced the red parts of the previous outfit, an easy target for new enemy machine guns. Working with the principal that the soldiers would thus be hidden with the line of the horizon, the French state decided to adopt this nuance after ten years of various trials. It was replaced by khaki in 1935.

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Houndstooth

Definitely retro but never outdated, it has a two-tone cross weave. Originally from Scotland, its finest hour came in the 1950, before being elegantly restored to the heart of both men’s and women’s wear in more recent years.

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I

Cerruti IStretch

A gentle river one day, a thundering torrent the next, life is a capricious thing. Developed by the venerable house of Cerruti for De Fursac this fabric is the enemy of unwanted surprises, allowing the modern man to master every occasion and his look. It blends the natural elasticity of the best wool from Australia’s Queensland with its Lycra® qualities, and ensures its wearers the lightness of a second skin, without losing an iota of chic.

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ITravel - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

ITravel

Appropriate for every occasion, the "iTravel" quality is developed exclusively by Lanificio F.lli Cerruti for De Fursac. The suits, made from extra-fine Autralian wool, are the perfect solution to the requirements of the contemporary life punctuated by business trips, appointments and long days.

The quality of this wool provides resistance to creasing, guaranteed by the high tension of its threads. From this season onwards De Fursac is delighted to offer you "iTravel" collection of block colour, semi-plain or patterned  suits that owe the precision of their finish, suppleness and brilliance of hue to the legendary know-how if the House of Lanificio F.lli Cerruti.

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J

Jacquard

A fabric with complex motifs which owes its name to the automatic loom used for its production, itself conceived in Lyon in 1801 in the workshops of Joseph-Marie Jacquard. A unique combination of three previous innovations (Basile Bouchon’s perforated paper tape, Jean-Baptiste’s continuous loop of perforated cards and Jacques Vaucanson’s cylinder, also perforated), the Jacquard loom revolutionised the sector and was capable of doing the work of five people. A development deemed unpopular by competitors (the famous Lyon weavers known as the “canuts”) who rose up in 1831 and tried to destroy Jacquard’s machines by striking them with clogs (sabots in French). But while we might owe the word “sabotage” to the canuts’ revolt, the industrialists chose to support Jacquard and his loom took the place of other older techniques. A predecessor to the computer (because the perforated cards are programmable), the Jacquard loom has today grown considerably and now produces almost all patterned fabrics used for clothing, furnishings and domestic linens. 

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Jaspé

Punctuated by the meshing of the warp and the weave threads in changing colours, the aspect of this fabric boasts the same irregularities as that of jasper stone, a sedimentary rock from which it also takes its name. Both vivid and profound, its multiple nuances bring out faux block colours.

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Jersey

This knitted fabric, in wool or cotton, appeared in the middle ages on the Channel Island of the same name. The quality of a jersey garment increases with the finesse of its knit.

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K

Kinair

A blend of wool and mohair, this high grade fabric created by Lanificio F.lli Cerruti imbues the existing natural virtues of the house wools with the qualities of mohair – a fibre deriving from angora goats. Lighter, fresher but also more breathable, the Kinair textile allows the modern man to laugh in the face of unpredictable weather, be it too warm or too cold. Lanificio F.lli Cerruti was the first Italian draper to produce mohair in the 1950s following a trip made by Nino Cerruti to England, the birthplace of this exceptional wool. 

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L

Lanificio F.LLI Cerruti - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Lanificio F.LLI Cerruti

The House of Cerruti was born in 1881 in the Piedmont town of Biella, at the foot of the Alps and on the banks of the Cervo, a river of pure water to which the Italian draper owes the softness and finesse of its fabrics. Equally reputed for the impeccable drop of its productions and the high quality of its Australian wool, Lanificio F.lli Cerruti has developed a number of exceptional fabrics exclusively for De Fursac, such as the Super 130’s, the Super 150’s AAAAA and the Turbo 180. This combination of cutting edge technology and artisanal savoir-faire provides the cement to a long-term partnership, woven over the meetings between two companies with shared exacting standards.

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Large houndstooth

As its name indicates, the pattern of this fabric is a very similar to houndstooth, but is slightly bigger.

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Lavallière

An ancestor of the bow tie imagined by the duchesse de la Vallière in the 17th century, this large scarf tied in a bow was frequently worn by elegant folk in the 19th century before losing its puffed up bravado to a simpler and more traditional knot. For very formal occasions, it is still worn today, like the Ascot tie, but differs to its cousin with a smooth central ribbon secured with a tie pin.

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Sablé wool

The name of a satin weave whose tidy yet attractively oblique grain evokes the sandy (sablé in French) beaches over which you might run hands this coming summer. With a Natural Stretch, the incredibly comfortable sablé wool produced by the House of Lanificio F.lli Cerruti tastefully adapts to the silhouette of its owner and is never excessively shiny (unlike a classic satin weave). Blended with a jacquard by the Italian draper it also permits for subtle patterns. 

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M

Madder silk

Denotes a silk that was originally a dark pink - once dyed using the natural colour of the madder - and which gave the major British tie-makers their acclaim. Today its matt, velvety and always dark finish allows for the perfection of motifs.

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Membrane

This is what we call the ultrafine film that’s applied to a woollen fabric to protect it from the wind and rain. Porous, breathable and selective, it allows the release of perspiration but no water to penetrate. And while it doesn’t lose any heat garnered, it can only generate warmth if combined, for example, with the duvet of a down jacket.

 

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Mercerised

A mercerised cotton fabric has undergone a treatment patented by John Mercer in 1844, which increases it shine, strength and ability to absorb dyes, as well as its threshold to mould resistance.

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Merino wool

This superior wool, originating in Australia and New Zealand bears the same name as the breed of sheep that provide it. Bright, warm and light, it is distinguished by the extreme finesse of its fibres, three times thinner than those of classic wool (which varies 30 to 50 microns, while Merino oscillates between 17 and 25). It is known as ‘Extrafine’ when the thread thickness is less than 19 microns.

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Mignonnette

The French term for the lining of jacket sleeves, as required by traditional artisan tailoring.

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Mohair

Provided by angora goats from Asia Minor, this wool is as light as it is insulating and protects from the cold, the heat and any risk of inelegance. Blended with other fabrics it can also soften the cloth of certain suits.

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N

Mother of pearl

White, iridescent and naturally produced by its oceanic owners, mother-of-pearl coats the interior of numerous mollusc shells. Softened in boiling water, then flattened and cut to the desired shape, it becomes a much sought after product for decoration and marquetry, as well as the fabrication of jewellery and buttons. 

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O

Ottoman silk

The name of this thick Turkish silk these days denotes a ribbed weave motif of certain ties.

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P

Panama

Not only does it take its name from the most stylish of hats produced in Ecuador since the 18th century (and shipped from Panama to the rest of the globe), but the panama fabric also owes them its woven appearance, achieved through a meticulous square weave of multiple weft and warp threads. At Lanificio F.lli Cerruti this is a four-thread weave with two weft threads crossing two warp threads. 

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Parcour - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Parcour

The Parcour line was developed by the house of Lanificio F.lli Cerruti drawing inspiration from its military archives, renewing them and bringing them bang up to date.

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Piqué cotton

A fresh, spongy cotton fabric whose four-thread tension (two warps and two wefts) gives relief to its motif in the form of lozenges, squares or aligned points. Piqué is frequently used in the manufacturing of polo shirts.

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Plastron

This piece of fabric, fixed or removable, was long used to cover the torsos of cowboys, cavalry officers, hussars and men of the world. Today the plastron shirt is no longer a sign of physical and social invulnerability, but continues – when worn with a tuxedo or tail-coat – to be an essential element in men’s wardrobe for the most formal of soirees.

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Pocket square

This piece of fabric was originally a simple perfume handkerchief, ensuring the nasal hygiene of ancient Greeks, French nobility and even Richard II of England. In the 19th century it emigrated from the trouser pocket to the jacket breast pocket and in the 1920s it became a fashion accessory. A few decades later Cary Grant and Gary Cooper immortalised it as a symbol of elegance.

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Poplin

Initially baptised “papeline” in honour of the Holy Father for whom it was made in Avignon, poplin is a light and supple fabric where there are twice as many warp threads as weft threads. Once made of wool and silk, this material is today more frequently made in cotton.

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Prince of wales - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Prince of wales

While the future Edward VII was the first Prince of Wales to wear this highborn fabric in the 19th century, it was to his successor that it owes its name and part of its reputation. Rapidly adopted by the British and Americans - it covered the royal shoulders of Edward VIII during a visit to New York – in the 20th century, this nuanced grid pattern went from an indispensable country-style to a major classic of urban masculinity.

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R

Pin stripes / Tennis stripes

“Tennis stripes” in France and “pin stripes” in England where they notably streaked Winston Churchill’s suits during the Second World War, these longitudinal stripes sit spaced a few centimetres apart. Effectively whether they were used by sailors or by English bankers of the 19th century, it was on the shirts of tennis pioneers that they had their first taste of glory, before gradually being adopted off the court by all men of good taste.

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Raglan

The term denotes a type of sleeve that starts at the collar and joins the underarm. Wider than a conventional sleeve, it was invented by Lord Raglan, a British officer who lost his arm during the battle of Waterloo and wanted to put his coat on without constraint. The chic man in a hurry has him to thank.

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Rhodium

Stainless, polished, and related to platinum, this rare metal is frequently used for jewellery, but also serves to make cufflinks and tie pins.

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S

Seersucker - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Seersucker

This waffled-effect material, traditionally in blue and white stripes, first appeared in India in the 18th century. Adapted to the wetness of its native climate, it was quickly exported to become a summer classic in the United States. Worn in Congress until the arrival of air conditioning in the 1950s, seersucker is available these days in a wide variety of colours, and still dissipates heat just as efficiently. The American tradition of “Seersucker Thursday” continues to require that men and women wear seersucker suits in Congress, the second or third Thursday in the month of June.

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Serge

Denotes a fabric whose inter-woven threads have light, oblique stripes.

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Shearling

Denotes a supple fabric where the sheep or lamb’s wool is worn inside the coat. With its sanded skin the exterior of the garment has a velvety or oiled appearance. Its thickness depends of the climate in which the selected animals have been reared.

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Silk

The empress of noble fabrics, whose trade secret was jealously guarded by the Chinese for over 2500 years, silk is the only natural textile fibre whose thread is continuous. It is taken from the cocoon of the Bombyx Mori caterpillar, also called the silkworm, and its appearance varies according to the way it is woven or worked.

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Silklight

Ideal for special occasions, formal events or just generally when a chap needs to look his very chicest, the Silklight fabric was born in the transalpine workshops of the House of Lanificio F.lli Cerruti. Its judicious union of Australian wool and Chinese silk is as luminescent as it is elegant, and its appearance – changing according to the effects of the weave – shifts between a shimmery chintz and dazzling opaque.

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Slip stitch - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Slip stitch

This little thread at the interlining of a tie will restore its original form after having been stretched.

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Stays

Supple stays are called ‘baleines’ in French, in reference to the whalebone which was long used to stiffen corsetry. Their modern cousins, often removable and synthetic, are today slipped into shirt collars to ensure a perfect shape, and give (you) a clear conscience. Suffice to say a certain pleasure can be procured from going without…

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Stripes - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Stripes

A motif for the marginalised and heretics of the middle ages, for childhood, for pleasure and for business men since the 19th century, stripes are a melting pot of contradictory symbolism. Chosen well they remain an unquestionable sign of elegance.

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Super 120’s, 130’s, 150’s…

The grades given by the IWTO (International Wool Textile Organization), known as SUPER 120’s, 130’s or 150’s, denote the fineness of a wool fibre used to weave a fabric. The higher the figure, the finer the fibre. The diameter of every 100’s wool fibre must measure no more than 18.75 microns. The 110’s should be 18.25 microns, the 120’s 17.75 microns… you just have to take away 0.5 microns to know the subsequent diameters.

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T

Tailcoats, morning coats

While the terms hark back to the entirety of evening attire, the tailcoat today denotes a ceremonial jacket open at the front and lengthened to the knee at the back by two slit skirts. A similar garment, the morning coat is attached at the waist with a double button (also known as a twin button) and was worn during the 19th century at weddings and racecourses.

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Tie

The French for tie, cravat most probably derives from a corruption of the word “Croat” in reference to the scarf worn by Balkan mercenaries under Louis XIII – the word denoted accessories before the regatta tie of the 19th century gave it its final form. Longer, narrower and more sober than its ancestors in lace or puffed out bows, the mother of our current ties is quicker to knot. A strong argument that will appeal to the generations of men as busy as they are elegant.

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Tower placket

The tower placket, or button placket, denotes, for the less poetic, the band of fabric that reinforces the opening of a shirt sleeve at the cuff.

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Trench-coat - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Trench-coat

Conceived by Thomas Burberry for the English officers in the First World War, the trench coat, as waterproof as it is elegant, came with the soldiers into town when the war was over, and ended up seducing civilians. Immortalised by Humphrey Bogart in Casablanca in 1942, it became - with its under collar flap, where once before the butt of a rifle rested, its ten double breasted buttons, its belt and epaulettes - the uniform of detectives and an eternal ally of elegant men.

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Turbo 180 - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Turbo 180

Produced using an AAAAA wool, this material represents the very highest level of quality exclusively produced by Lanificio F.lli Cerruti for De Fursac, thanks to the extreme finesse of its fibre – less than 16 microns. It’s the superior quality of its thread that gives richness and depth to its shades, its wide range of luminosities and the unequalled precision of design it allows. The Turbo 180 wool is so light it requires 150 kilometres of thread to obtain just one kilo.

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Tuxedo or smoking jacket - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Tuxedo or smoking jacket

The required decorum of a 19th century British gentlemen managing his guests’ sense of smell meant that the smoking jacket was originally worn exclusively in the smoking room. Seduced by the garment, the American James Potter transgressed the rule and in 1886 wore this jacket with its satin lapels to the Tuxedo Club in New York. He popularised the use of its new name. Completed with braided trousers, a plastron shirt and a bow tie, in the 20th century this ensemble became the signature attire for men frequenting casinos and cocktail parties, or her Majesty’s Secret Services, like James Bond.

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Tweed

This legendary Scottish fabric in carded wool – used to make hunting jackets in the 19th century – has long been dressing gentlemen farmers, British undergrads and even Sherlock Holmes. Robust and really very chic, tweed received the blessing of haute couture in 1950s, but has remained a timeless purveyor of winter jackets.

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V

Velvet

Matt and smooth on one side, soft and silky on the other, this Oriental fabric, imported into Europe by the Italians in the 14th century, was then made in silk and remained essentially a luxury product until the end of the 19th century. Used to make workman’s trousers in a ribbed version known as corduroy, the king’s fabric was democratised and earned its stripes as both a mainstream and prestigious material.

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Virgin wool - De Fursac mens suit and clothings

Virgin wool

This is what we call fibres that come from the first shearing of a sheep or lamb. They have been neither spun nor felted nor part of any other finished product, and contain no more than 0.3% of impurities.

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Viscose

This derivative of cellulose is a textile with vegetal origins. Breathable, lightweight and soft, viscose is easily dyed and retains its colours well. Coming from renewable, barely treated cultures, it is also biodegradable.

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W

Waistcoat

Since its inception in the 18th century, this descendent of the doublet has lost its sleeves and few centimetres, but has preserved a certain refinement. Worn under a jacket, it becomes the capital element of a man’s three-piece suit.

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Welt

Folded and tucked into a seam, this band of fabric gives the pockets and button holes it trims a resolutely chic finish.

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